For further understandings, please refer this essay to the books of Karl Marx's Capital Volume One Part I: Commodities and Money and Richard Dienst's The Bonds of Debt: Borrowing against the Common Good
Karl Marx says that in all states of society we exchange commodity, where it has value and must be something important for the society. Commodity’s value is linked to the exchange value, production of the work changes in the market-place for money rather than for direct consumption. Therefore, the commodity must have both exchange value and use value.
Continue reading Dienst’s Reading of Marx “Like a child”
The below short content is based on a very short summary of the 1st three chapters of Fernando Savater‘s book of Amador: In Which a Father Addresses His Son on Questions of Ethics-That Is, the Options and Values of Freedom-And Attempts to Show Him How to Have a Good life
Branches of knowledge are designed differently according to the functions they have in our life, some are studied in order to acquire new things and discover something new, while others are studied to enable us to have skills and help us find a job and survive. All kinds of knowledge there is one at least that is important for us, some suits us while others don’t, and it’s difficult to know what suits and what does not suit us. Certain things suit us, and we call them “good” things, other things make us feel bad and we call them “bad”.
Continue reading Amador – a Father Addresses His Son on Questions of Ethics [Summery]
“Internet should be free, and everyone has the right to access all the information in it, regardless of their race, class and economical statue”, I don’t have any doubt that you did hear this statement many times in your life, and you agree with that saying, since you don’t pay for to access the information you are willing to reach online. Surfing on the net all the time in different sites and getting all those plenty knowledge stored in it without paying any piece of a penny, it sounds great, right?
Continue reading Our Personal Information as “Money” to Purchase Goods online
Do we see objects alone or even objects see us too!
Science is what makes things and objects surrounded us easier to understand, make interpretations from them and give a sense of meaning to them. However, it manipulates things too, it neglects and eradicates the way we perceive things, because, science being successful in one aspect of a problem does not prove that it could be applied the same method on everything else. As Marleau-ponty states that things see us, and we see them too, where our eyes cannot see them without any reflections such as the light, color, shade, and depth (164). For instance, we cannot see things in the darkroom, where things also cannot see us. Therefore, his argument is convincing, since our body is the center of perception and the medium of consciousness.
Continue reading Body as The Center of Perception & The Medium of Consciousness
short Essay based on “Modern Times” by Charlie Chaplin
There’s this scene in the beginning of the film, where the director shows us a bunch of pigs colliding each other due to the crowded area they are in, and how unorganized they are. right after that scene we also see a plenty number of factory workers hitting their shoulders with each other, where I believe that director clearly wanted to deliver this message: Those factory workers have no any personal value left in their heart, they are dehumanized by time, due to the harsh conditions they work in, they have no difference than those pigs in the sty.
Continue reading “Modern Times” by Charlie Chaplin